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What is Homicide in Arizona?

Homicide, also known as murder is defined as the intentional and unlawful killing of one person by another. In Arizona, the laws for homicide are extensive due to the various, possible circumstances surrounding the cause of each death. If convicted of homicide, you could face harsh and life-changing to penalties. Contact our Scottsdale criminal defense attorney today if you have been charged with homicide.

The four classifications of homicide are the following:

  • Negligent homicide (ARS §13-1102)
    • Criminal negligence was committed by a person, resulting in the death of another, including an unborn child
    • In regards to an unborn child’s death, if a person who had performed an abortion with consent of the pregnant woman, or if a person who had performed a medical treatment on a pregnant woman or if a person was the unborn child’s mother, then they may not be prosecuted
  • Manslaughter (ARS §13-1103)
    • Causing the death of another person in a reckless manner, which includes second degree murder
    • In regards to an unborn child’s death, the same persons apply
  • Second degree murder (ARS §13-1104)
    • Knowingly and intentionally causing the death of another person or unborn child without premeditation, without any extreme indifference to human life
    • In regards to an unborn child’s death, the same persons apply
  • First degree murder (ARS §13-1105)
    • Knowingly and intentionally causing the death of another person or unborn child with premeditation
    • While fleeing a felony offense or furthering the felony, an individual causes the death of another person
    • Knowingly and intentionally killing a law enforcement officer on duty, without premeditation
    • In regards to an unborn child’s death, the same persons apply

What are the Penalties of Homicide?

Since these charges are associated with the murder of a person or unborn child, all corresponding penalties will include time in prison. Negligent homicide is considered a Class 4 felony, which is punishable for up to three years in prison. Manslaughter can carry a prison term of five to ten years, and potentially 12.5 years if charged with aggravated manslaughter. Second degree murder results in a minimum prison term of ten years, maximum term of 22 years and a possible 27 year prison term if the victim is an unborn child or under 15 years of age. Lastly, first-degree murder comes with a life term in prison, with no possibility of parole, or even the death penalty.

Seek Legal Representation from Our Experienced Scottsdale Criminal Defense Lawyer

At Sonoran Law Group, we understand that homicide charges can not only permanently damage your reputation, but also result in years spent in prison. Since murder is considered the most serious offense, it’s imperative to have an experienced and knowledgeable criminal defense attorney at your side. Our expert legal defense team in Maricopa County is prepared to thoroughly conduct our own investigation in order to protect your rights in court and seek the justice you deserve.

Do not hesitate to contact us today at (480) 477-8040.